A documentary presenting Aretha Franklin with choir at the New Bethel Baptist Church in Watts, Los Angeles in January 1972.
The first film cameras were fastened directly to the head of a tripod or other support, with only the crudest kind of leveling devices provided, in the manner of the still-camera Amazing Grace tripod heads of the period. The earliest film cameras were thus effectively fixed during the shot, and hence the first camera movements were the result of mounting a camera on Amazing Grace a moving vehicle. The first known of these was a film shot by a Lumière cameraman from the back platform of a train leaving Jerusalem in 1896, and by 1898, Amazing Grace there were a number of films shot from moving trains. Although listed under the general heading of “panoramas” in the sales catalogues of the time, those films shot straight forward Amazing Grace from in front of a railway engine were usually specifically referred to as “phantom rides”.
In 1897, Robert W. Paul had the first real rotating camera head made to put on Amazing Grace a tripod, so that he could follow the passing processions
of Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in one uninterrupted shot. This device had the camera mounted on a vertical axis that Amazing Grace could be rotated by a worm gear driven by turning a crank handle, and Paul put it on general sale the next year. Shots taken using such a “panning” head Amazing Grace were also referred to as “panoramas” in the film catalogues of the first decade of the cinema. This eventually led to the creation of a panoramic photo as well. “Widescreen” Amazing Grace refers to a larger width to height in the frame, compared to earlier historic aspect ratios. A “feature-length film”, or “feature film”, is of a conventional full length, usually 60 Amazing Grace minutes or more, and can commercially stand by itself without other films in a ticketed screening.
A “short” is a film that is not as long as a feature-length film, Amazing Grace often screened with other shorts, or preceding a feature-length film. An “independent” is a film made outside the conventional film
In US usage, one talks of a “screening” or “projection” Amazing Grace of a movie or video on a screen at a public or private “theater.” In British English, a “film showing” happens at a cinema (never a “theatre”, which is a Amazing Grace different medium and place altogether). A cinema usually refers to an arena designed specifically to exhibit films, where the screen is affixed to a wall, while a theater usually refers Amazing Grace to a place where live, non-recorded action or combination thereof occurs from a podium or other type of stage, including the amphitheater.
Theaters can still screen movies in them, though Amazing Grace the theater would be retrofitted to do so. One might propose “going to the cinema” when referring to the activity, or sometimes “to the pictures” in British English, whereas the Amazing Grace US expression is usually “going to the movies.” A cinema usually shows a mass-marketed movie using a front-projection screen process with either a film projector or, more recently, with a Amazing Grace
digital projector. Amazing Grace Amazing Grace